Calculating the Impact of Changes to Hours of Service Rules

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Chris Noble, Director of Carrier Relations at Ultra

First, let me say, “I am honored to have been asked to be a contributor to this blog.  I hope you’ll all share your thoughts on my postings here in the comments.” Now, let’s look at a very timely topic.

It’s no surprise that many busy transportation managers and logistics planners haven’t had the bandwidth to take a deep look at the changes in HOS rules that are soon to be imposed.   Nevertheless, HOS changes are soon upon us and won’t be – as some are hoping – modified.  Ultra transportation analysts have done the legwork, taking a hard look at what the new rules will actually require and establishing a framework for analyzing client program data to determine the real-world impact the changes will have on their current operations.

Ultra’s review of information from sources like the DOT and regulatory compliance consultants has determined there are three main components to the new regulations.  They are as follows:

  • Reduction in drivers’ seven-day workweek to 70 hours (down from 82)
  • Requirement that the 34 hour minimum restart period must occur once every seven days and include two rest periods between 1:00 – 5:00 (AM) over two consecutive days
  • No change to the 11 hours of continuous drive, but there is now a mandated 30-minute break which reduces the 14 hour driving window to 13 ½ or 14 hours depending on the number of breaks required

Therefore, Ultra analysts conclude, the people impacted the most will be regional shippers who deliver at night and on the weekends and shippers who have a length of haul over 500 miles.  There will be less of an impact on regional work (under 250 miles) that runs during “normal” daily shipping hours (07:00 – 17:00) Monday – Friday.

On longer hauls analysts noted a likely reduction in miles estimates ranging from 9% to 12%.  In the end the carriers will be driving these changes as they change their routing and level of service/transit for various points across the country.

Have you considered how these changes will affect your transportation plans?

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